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Symptoms of Ebola:
2) Severe headache
3) Muscle pain
7) Abdominal (stomach) pain
8) Unexplained hemorrhage (bleeding or bruising)
*Symptoms may appear anywhere from 2 to 21 days after exposure to Ebola, but the average is 8 to 10 days.
**Recovery from Ebola depends on the patient’s immune response. People who recover from Ebola infection develop antibodies that last for at least 10 years.
Transmission of Ebola:
1) Blood or body fluids (including but not limited to urine, saliva, feces, vomit, and semen) of a person who is sick with Ebola
2) Objects (like needles and syringes) that have been contaminated with the virus
3) Infected animals
*Ebola is not spread through the air or by water, or in general, food. However, in Africa, Ebola may be spread as a result of handling bushmeat (wild animals hunted for food) and contact with infected bats.
**Once someone recovers from Ebola, they can no longer spread the virus. However, Ebola virus has been found in semen for up to 3 months.
Prevention:When you think of prevention think personal protective equipment and good personal hygiene. The CDC doesn't currently recommend using and N95 mask, gloves or goggles but I highly suggest you stock up on these before they are hard to get when flu season starts. Basically if you are in contact with someone who has any symptoms you need to think about PPE, I know I wouldn't interact with anyone without simple PPE if they are displaying symptoms of the flu and neither should you. Does this mean you need to go by tyvec suits, no unless you are planning to take a swim in feces, blood or other bodily fluids. Also if you have a don't have any breaks in your skin you can also potentially get by without gloves in everyday encounters (but I personally wouldn't recommend this). There is no FDA-approved vaccine available for Ebola. If you travel to or are in an area affected by an Ebola outbreak, make sure to do the following:
1) Practice careful hygiene.
3) Do not handle items that may have come in contact with an infected person’s blood or body fluids.
4) Avoid funeral or burial rituals that require handling the body of someone who has died from Ebola.
5) Avoid contact with bats and nonhuman primates or blood, fluids, and raw meat prepared from these animals.
6) Avoid hospitals where Ebola patients are being treated. The U.S. embassy or consulate is often able to provide advice on facilities.
7) After you return, monitor your health for 21 days and seek medical care immediately if you develop symptoms of Ebola.
Healthcare workers who may be exposed to people with Ebola should follow these steps:
1) Wear protective clothing, including masks, gloves, gowns, and eye protection.
2) Practice proper infection control and sterilization measures. For more information, see “Infection 3) Control for Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers in the African Health Care Setting”.
4) Isolate patients with Ebola from other patients.
5) Avoid direct contact with the bodies of people who have died from Ebola.
6) Notify health officials if you have had direct contact with the blood or body fluids, such as but not limited to, feces, saliva, urine, vomit, and semen of a person who is sick with Ebola. The virus can enter the body through broken skin or unprotected mucous membranes in, for example, the eyes, nose, or mouth.
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